Understanding limited liability partnerships (LLPs) in Australia: A comprehensive guide

Learn about the concept of an LLP (Limited Liability Partnership) in Australia, its formation process, legal requirements, and the advantages and disadvantages it offers. This Business Kitz blog will provide valuable insights for entrepreneurs and professionals considering the LLP structure for their business endeavours. From understanding the basics to evaluating the pros and cons, you’ll gain a comprehensive understanding of what an LLP entails in the Australian business landscape to help you make informed decisions and set your business on the path to success!

What is an LLP in Australia?

An LLP, is a specific legal business structure available in Australia. It combines elements of a partnership and a company, offering partners the benefits of limited liability protection while maintaining the flexibility and tax advantages of a partnership. In an LLP, partners share both the management and financial responsibilities of the business. The key feature of an LLP is that partners are not personally liable for the debts and obligations of the partnership beyond their invested capital. This means that their personal assets are generally protected from business-related liabilities. LLPs are commonly chosen by professional service providers, such as law firms, accounting firms, and consulting businesses, seeking to combine the advantages of a partnership structure with limited personal liability.

What is the formation of an LLP?

Starting a Limited Liability Partnership (LLP) in Australia involves fulfilling certain requirements and following specific procedures. In this section, we will delve into the minimum requirements and eligibility criteria, registering an LLP with the Australian Securities and Investments Commission (ASIC), and the importance of drafting a partnership agreement.

  1. Minimum requirements and eligibility criteria:
    • An LLP in Australia must have a minimum of two partners. These partners can be individuals, partnerships, or companies.
    • Each partner must be at least 18 years old and not disqualified from managing corporations.
    • It is essential to carefully consider potential partners based on their skills, experience, and compatibility with the business objectives.
  2. Registering an LLP with ASIC:
    • Choose a unique name for your LLP, ensuring it is distinguishable from existing business names.
    • Register the LLP’s name and obtain an Australian Business Number (ABN) and Tax File Number (TFN).
    • Lodge the necessary forms and pay the registration fee to ASIC.
    • Provide details about the partners, including names, addresses, and their roles within the partnership.
    • ASIC will process the registration and issue a Certificate of Registration upon successful completion.
  3. Drafting a partnership agreement:
    • A partnership agreement is a vital document that outlines the rights, responsibilities, and obligations of each partner.
    • It establishes rules for profit distribution, decision-making, partner contributions, dispute resolution, and more.
    • Consult a legal professional to ensure the partnership agreement aligns with your specific business needs and complies with relevant laws and regulations.
    • Address key aspects such as capital contributions, partner authority, admission and withdrawal of partners, and the process for dissolving the LLP.
    • Clearly define profit-sharing mechanisms, roles, and responsibilities of partners, and any restrictions on partner activities.

Drafting a comprehensive partnership agreement is crucial for establishing a solid foundation for your LLP. It helps prevent misunderstandings, clarifies expectations, and protects the rights and interests of all partners involved.

By meeting the minimum requirements, registering with ASIC, and having a well-drafted partnership agreement, you can lay the groundwork for a successful LLP in Australia. Remember to seek professional advice to ensure compliance with all legal obligations and to safeguard the interests of your LLP and its partners.

What are the advantages and limitations of acquiring an LLP?

An LLP offers several advantages and disadvantages for businesses considering this legal structure. Here are some key points to consider:


  • Limited liability: One of the main benefits of an LLP is that partners have limited personal liability for the debts and obligations of the business, protecting their personal assets.
  • Flexibility in management: LLPs offer flexibility in management, allowing partners to determine the decision-making structure, profit-sharing arrangements, and day-to-day operations as outlined in the Partnership Agreement.
  • Taxation benefits: LLPs are not subject to double taxation since they are treated as pass-through entities for tax purposes. Profits and losses flow through to the partners’ individual tax returns, avoiding corporate-level taxation.
  • Partnership structure: LLPs allow professionals, such as lawyers, accountants, and consultants, to form a partnership while retaining the advantages of limited liability.


  • Personal liability for own actions: While partners have limited liability for the actions of other partners, they may still be personally liable for their own professional negligence or misconduct.
  • Complex formation: Establishing an LLP involves drafting and executing a Partnership Agreement, which can be complex and require legal assistance. It may also involve additional costs compared to other business structures.
  • Lack of perpetual existence: An LLP may dissolve if a partner leaves or dies, resulting in potential disruption to the business and the need to reconstitute the partnership.
  • Limited capital generation: LLPs may face challenges in raising capital compared to companies since they cannot issue shares to attract investors.

Careful consideration of the advantages and disadvantages is essential to determine if an LLP is the appropriate legal structure for a business in Australia. Consulting with legal and financial professionals can help assess individual circumstances and make informed decisions.

Legal Advice

For any additional information on LLPs in Australia, contact our sister company Legal Kitz, who can assist with providing you with advice that is tailored to your situation, ensuring that your concerns are addressed. You can also request to book a FREE consultation or contact them at info@legalkitz.com.au or 1300 988 954. You can also check out our Business Kitz subscription service today to begin your business with a solid foundation that ensures compliance. 

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